1. What are the hamstrings and what do they do?
The hamstrings are large muscles in the back of the thigh. The hamstrings connect the ischial tuberosity of the pelvis, cross the back of the thigh, and attach to either side of the shinbone (tibia). The primary function of the hamstring is to pull the leg backward and propel the body forward while walking or running. These muscles are most often injured during rapid acceleration such as in football, soccer, baseball, softball, lacrosse, basketball, running and track.
2. What is involved in a hamstring injury?
Hamstring conditions can occur from one powerful movement such as a sprint or from repetitive stress such as marathon running. Hamstring injuries are known as strains meaning that some or all of the fibers in the muscle tear. Some complete tears do require surgery but the majority can be treated with chiropractic and rehabilitation.
3. What does a hamstring injury feel like?
In less severe cases, an athlete may feel a tightness or pulling in the back of the knee that causes them to rest or slow down. In more severe situations, the athlete may even hear a pop before falling to the ground in pain. Pain caused by the injury is heavily dependent on whether the hamstring is pulled, partially torn, or completely torn. It is important to see a therapist or specialist before the injury becomes a long-lasting problem.